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仓储货架从传统走向智能
作者:admin  来源:本站  发表时间:2014-9-2 22:52:10  点击:2801

货架,一个普通的不能再普通的词,一个耳熟能详的词,一说这词,我相信所有人印象里都是那摆着一排排琳琅满目商品的架子。
    而说起仓库货架,大家脑海应该想到的就是仓库里一排排杂乱摆放货物的架子,没有一点的美观效果,它的目的就是存储货物。其实现如今货架,特别是仓库货架,它的蜕变可不是一星半点,它从最初的实用到现在实用美观,节约了人力,物力,财力。它走过了一段艰辛的路程。
    随着现代工业的迅猛发展,物流量的大幅度增加,为实现仓库的现代化管理,改善仓库的功能,不仅要求货架数量多,而且要求具有多功能,并能实现机械化,自动化要求。
    机械化货架:物料可以通过各种各样的传送带、工业输送车、机械手、吊车、堆垛机和升降机来移动和搬运,用货架托盘和移动式货架存储物料,通过人工操作机械存取设备,用限位开关、螺旋机械制动和机械监视器等控制设备来运行。机械化满足了人们对速度、精度、高度、重量、重复存取和搬运等方面的要求,其实时性和直观性是明显优点。
    货架代表:托盘式货架. 成本投入:★☆☆☆☆
自动化货架:上世纪50年代末开始,相继研制和采用了自动导引小车(AVG )、自动货架、自动存取机器人、自动识别和自动分拣等系统。到上世纪70年代,旋转体式货架、移动式货架、巷道式堆垛机和其他搬运设备都加入了自动控制行列,但只是各个设备的局部自动化并各自独立应用,被称为“自动化孤岛”。
 
    货架代表:穿梭车货架 成本投入:★★☆☆☆
智能化货架:在自动化仓储的基础上继续研究,实现与其他信息决策系统的集成,朝着智能和模糊控制的方向发展,人工智能推动了仓储技术的发展,即智能化仓储。智能化仓储技术还处于初级发展阶段,21世纪仓储技术的智能化将具有广阔的应用前景。上世纪70年代初期,我国开始研究采用巷道式堆垛机的立体仓库。1980年,由北京机械工业自动化研究所等单位研制建成的我国第一座自动化立体仓库在北京汽车制造厂投产。从此以后,立体仓库在我国得到了迅速的发展。

Shelves, a common can no longer ordinary words, a familiar word, say the word, I believe that all the people the impression is that full of beautiful things in eyes with rows of goods shelves.

And speaking of warehouse shelves, everyone should think of is warehouse rows of cluttered mind goods shelves, and no beautiful effect, the purpose of it is for goods storage. Actually nowadays shelves, warehouse shelves, in particular, its metamorphosis is not a fragment, it from the original practicality to practical and beautiful now, save manpower, material resources and financial resources. It passed a tough journey.

With the rapid development of modern industry, through put a substantial increase, to realize the modernization of the warehouse management, improve the function of the warehouse, not only requires the shelves number, has multi-function and requirement, and can realize mechanization, automation requirements.

Mechanized shelf: material can be transported through all kinds of conveyor belt, industrial vehicles, robots, crane, stacker and elevator to moving and handling, use shelf tray and mobile racking storage material, through manual operation mechanical access device, with a limit switch, screw machinery brake and control equipment such as monitor to run. Mechanization to satisfy the people to the speed, accuracy, height, weight, repeated access and handling requirements, its real-time and visual advantage is obvious.

Shelves: pallet racking. Costs: u being fostered fostered fostered

Automated shelves: the late 1950 s, have been developed and adopted automatic guided vehicles (AVG), automatic shelves, automatic access robot, automatic identification and automatic sorting system. In the 1970 s, rotating style shelves, mobile racking, roadway type stacker and other handling equipment are joined in the automatic control, but only partial automation of all equipments and application independently, known as \"the automation isolated island\".

Painted shelves shelves: shuttle car costs: u being fostered fostered

Intelligent shelves: on the basis of automatic warehousing continue to study, to realize the integration of the decision-making system and other information, the direction of intelligent and fuzzy control, artificial intelligence to promote the development of storage technology, the intelligent warehouse. Intelligent storage technology is still in the primary stage of development, the intelligent storage technology in the 21st century will have broad application prospects. In the early 1970 s, China began to adopt the type of roadway stacker stereoscopic warehouse. In 1980, developed by Beijing machinery automation research institute and other units to build China's first automatic stereoscopic warehouse in Beijing car plant put into production. Since then, the three-dimensional warehouse got rapid development in our country.

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